20. January 2017 16:56
Emerging Markets rely heavily on foreign capital inflows for their performance. This is true even for China. Cross-border capital both directly fuels asset purchases and indirectly leads to greater domestic liquidity as foreign inflows are often monetised by the financial system. 2016 was a year of strong recovery in Emerging Market capital flows. These helped push domestic asset markets higher, but more importantly they have re-ignited a rising EM liquidity cycle. This expansion should continue into 2017. We reiterate our view that Asia is leading global markets under the sway of Chinese economic recovery and, thus far, is undented by fears of further US dollar strength. We also show in this report that EM capital flows follow three trends that feature: (1) China & Emerging Asia; (2) Brazil, India; and (3) South Africa, Russia and, possibly, Turkey. Momentum is currently shifting from the first to the second group, which are seeing a ‘catch-up’.
21. December 2016 11:53
Global bond markets, led by US Treasuries, are finally selling off. The excuses of rising inflation expectations and President-elect Trump are not convincing. Chinese reflation and reversing term premia look to be better answers, but they are more worrying ones since they suggest that government yields could jump by far more. These term premia are determined by liquidity and volatility. Rising Chinese liquidity warns that US Treasury 10-year yields may be still at least 100bp too low.
16. November 2016 10:21
Bonds are turning down. Neither the Fed nor Trump are the problem: it’s the economy – the Chinese economy. Reversals in Chinese cost deflation and Chinese flight capital are currently having bigger impacts on G4 government bond markets than either Central Bank policy actions or expectations about President-elect Trump’s new fiscal policy. Bond yields were rising prior to Trump’s Election and the major Central Banks still talk as though they can control bond yields through QE policies. Yet, China matters far more through the People’s Bank, via the ebb and flow of flight capital to the West and from domestic cost pressures. In this report, we argue that these China trends point towards rising bond yields and steeper yield curves. This has been hard to see because Asia, and unusually not the US, is leading the global credit cycle.
16. November 2016 09:52
China is again under attack from the doomsters. Too much debt; a housing bubble; too much reliance on unproductive credit for GDP growth; rising wages; a collapsing Yuan; accelerating ‘flight capital’ …. The list goes on. In this report, we reiterate our views that, although we can foresee future challenges, the near-term investment outlook looks surprisingly good. And the slated US$4 trillion OBOR (One Belt, One Road) programme will be central to addressing China’s medium- and long-term challenges and delivering sustainable GDP growth.
22. September 2016 16:41
The reported September ‘major rethinking’ of Japanese monetary policy is an error that will add risk to markets. That is not to say that the previous BoJ move to push policy rates into negative territory was any better. Fundamentally, the BoJ’s recent actions confirm that policy-makers do not understand the yield curve. The end result will be higher Japanese bond yields, a steeper yield curve and a stronger Yen.
27. July 2016 17:03
While markets ponder the Fed’s next move, swinging agitatedly between the probabilities of a rate rise and no change, China’s PBoC (People’s Bank) is quietly getting on with its job of reviving the Chinese economy. China is hugely important because her liquidity pool now matches America’s in size and the People’s Bank (PBoC) is one-fifth bigger than the US Fed. Call its actions a ‘QE4’ or something similar? But after last year’s tightening, latest analysis of the PBoC points to a renewed stimulus coinciding with greater stability in Chinese capital flows. The six months to June 2016 saw an annualised jump of 21.7% in the size of the PBoC balance sheet. This compares to an annualised drop of 17.7% in the six months to December 2015. No wonder commodity prices and EM are firm?
27. July 2016 16:49
If the last twenty five years underscore just how much capital flows matter to markets, then the last two years have seen the build-up of four big trends that are not getting the attention they deserve. As these trends reverse, they will have major implications for markets. Each anomaly represents an ‘elephant in the room’ for investors. Just for starters, we figure that bond prices could tumble, the US dollar skid lower and EM significantly outperform Wall Street.
15. July 2016 15:45
This is a ‘sit-up-and-think’ moment for Emerging Market allocators, according to latest Liquidity data. After more than five years of lacklustre EM, investment returns triggered primarily by poor liquidity conditions and correspondingly high risk, the future is looking far, far better. The key reason is the significant recent improvement in both the quantity and, more importantly, the quality of liquidity flows to EM. Not only have both foreign investor net inflows and domestic private sector liquidity jumped higher (virtually across the geographic spectrum of EM), but the currency-sapping dominance of EM Central Bankers has taken a step backwards. Therefore, looking ahead, foreign interest in increasing in what are fast-becoming more healthy, cash-generating economies, with the prospects of greater future currency stability.
30. June 2016 12:51
Does the response of international investors to the UK’s Brexit vote tell us more about the peaking US dollar than prospective European weakness? A key question to pose after the UK Brexit vote was why the US dollar did not rally by more? For Sherlock Holmes fans this looks like another ‘dog that did not bark’. On its trade-weighted index the US unit rose by a mere 1.8% in the initial 3-day period of the ‘shock’. As with the trade-weighted Chinese Yuan, the US dollar remains down by around 5% this year. This latest muted response of the US dollar sits uncomfortably alongside many pundits who continue to push the idea of a super-strong US currency. There may be two reasons behind this: (1) the US dollar is being seen less as the ‘safe haven’ currency – gold jumped by 5% and the trade-weighted Yen by 6.2% (since 2008 the Yen index has a whopping negative 0.81 correlation to risk appetite indexes) and/ or (2) global investors have already invested heavily in dollars over the past few years and need no more.
27. June 2016 16:50
Is this Risk On or Risk Off? First, in financial and economic terms, this is not another 2008. Then the markets stopped working. Today, global markets are shocked, but not frozen. Second, the UK is financially stronger and more robust than it was in 2008. Third, the implications of Brexit are likely greater for the World outside of the UK, than for Britain itself. Should we buy or sell? Longer term equities possibly look a tad better because Brexit will shift policy focus towards more use of fiscal policy and away from the demerits of QE. Greater use of fiscal policies will ultimately worry bond markets. Geopolitics will come to the fore. All-in-all, gold looks increasingly attractive. The liquidity cycles have been telling us that 2016 is the year of gold and commodities. That view continues.